Here are some words you might need when buying a bottle or ordering wine in a French restaurant.
appellation: short for AOC or Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée (‘label of inspected origin’), the inspector being the French Ministry of Agriculture. You may also see AOP, the EU’s Appellation d’Origine Protégée . Some wine appellations are vast and some are small; Bordeaux for instance has 60 different ones. For more see AOPs and some others
bouchonné: corked, meaning not good
bouteille: bottle. Each major region has its own shape, and many have their own special glasses. Burgundy bottles have rounded shoulders, Bordeauxs have straight-sided bodies, Alsace wines are tall and slim, Rhône and Loire wines have sloping shoulders and have wider bodies.
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