Bonifacio VIII of Anagni sat on St Peter's throne from 1294 to 1303, according to rumour after he had convinced his hapless predecessor, Celestine V, to resign (the last to do so before Benedict XVI) by whispering through a tube that connected with his room and pretending to be God. Dante took great delight putting him in the eighth ring of the Inferno. Just where he belongs.
Bonifacio is also remembered for the schiaffo di Anagni. Having claimed more temporal powers for himself than any pope had ever dared before, he fell afoul of secular rulers, notably King Philip IV of France and Sciarra Colonna, scion of one of the most powerful Roman families. When they demanded his resignation, Bonifacio took refuge in his native Anagni, Colonna hot on his trail with an army. As the Pope sat in his palace, awaiting certain death, Colonna strode in calmly, walked up to the papal throne, gave Boniface a resounding slap (schiaffo) on the face, turned and left. Mortified, the pope died a month later.
He is also remembered in the timballo that took his name, a dish invented and recently copyrighted by the Ristorante del Gallo, founded in 1700 in Agnani. Ingredients include veal mince, meatballs and macaroni (or tagliatelle), baked in a rich sauce of chicken livers and sweetbreads and mushrooms fried in lard, wrapped in slices of ham and baked.
There is also a cardinal's version, the timballo alberoni, named after the 18th-century Cardinal (and famous trencherman) Giulio Alberoni with macaroni, shrimp sauce, mushrooms, butter and cheese.
Images by: Ristorante del Gallo