France is the biggest producer of orge (barley) in the EU, the third most popular grain crop in the country. It’s mostly grown in the northeast, where much of it gets made into beer. There are recipes for pain à la farine d’orge, a North African speciality, but you need to go to specialist shops to find the flour.
gruaux d'orge: pot barley or barley groats
orge mondé: pearl barley (hulled and polished barleycorns). Also known as orge perlé
Image by Photo Icarus