Stachys affinis. Crosnes du Japon or Chinese artichokes are delicate nutty flavoured tubers that appear quite often in the larger French supermarkets and high-end grocers next to the Jerusalem artichokes (topinambours).
First cultived in Europe in the town of Crosne (Essonne), they were quite popular until their proclivity for spreading like a weed made farmers think again.
Crosnes du Japon have a very short shelf life because of their thin skin; when the French use them (raw, pickled, dried or cooked) the dish is known as japonaise’ (crosne arrived in France via Japan, although it originated in northern China—hence the confusion).
Image by Jonathaneo~commonswiki assumed