The French claim the finest chickens in the world, the volaille de Bresse. Little ones are poussins; a coquelet is a young rooster; a young hen is poulette.
A coq is a cockeral, who might end up in coq au vin; a poule is a laying hen or older bird, perfect for a poule au pot. Pout if anyone calls you a poule mouillée (‘wet hen’)—a wimp.
A poularde and chapon are plump neutered birds, often served on the holiday table.
A poulet jaune is a chicken that was fed partly on maize; they tend to be fatter than a poulet blanc, fed on wheat and alfalfa. A poulet fermier was raised on a farm rather than in a factory; elevée en plein aire means free range.
abats: giblets ( the liver, heart, gizzard, neck)
crête de coq: cockscomb. A favourite, stewed, in Lyon.
filets: chicken breasts (also called blancs de poulet). They are nearly always sold de-boned (unfortunately)
sot-l'y-laisse: the small tender bits of dark meat on the back, called oysters in English; in French also called them huîtres de poulet.
suprême: the breast and the upper part of the wing
Images by danghanfoto, mon marche