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Breads

When Italians aren't using up their flour to make pasta or pizza, they are whipping up an astonishing array of pani (there are said to be over 350 kinds). Slightly confusingly, many yeast 'breads' are actually what we in English would call cakes, starting with the now world-famous panettone.

Italians also make a whole range of flat breads, usually fried; for these, see Pizzas, Focacce & Flatbreads.

All these may be sold in a bakery (panificio or forno); many of these also sell biscotti and pasticcini. A pastry shop is a pasticceria, and although they specialize in pastries, many also sell bread.

anello di Monaco

glazed ring of sweet bread

babà

dessert or savoury bread

besciola

Classic fig bread of the Valtellina

biga

starter/sourdough

biova

soft white bread of Piedmont

bocconcello

cheesy bread

bollo

round sweet bread flavoured with anise

Brasadè di Staghiglione

a bit like bagels on a string

bujadnik

sweet bread baked in cabbage leaves

casatiello

Savoury Neapolitan Easter bread

chibarzu

bread made of semolina

ciabatta

'slipper' bread

ciriole

thick square homemade spaghetti

civraxiu

Sardinian country bread

cocchia

flat rustic loaf

coppia ferrarese

twisted sourdough bread

crasanzin

sweet fruit and nut rye bread

cuddura

bread rings and many other things

cuzzupa

sweet Easter bread

filone

long loaf

fitascetta

bread covered with red onions

gallette

sea biscuits

girandole

'pinwheels'

grissini

breadsticks

gucciadata

blessed circular loaf

lievito

yeast or baking powder

mafalda

durum semolina bread with sesame seeds

marocca di Casola

chestnut flour bread

miccone

irregular shaped loaf from Pavia

michetta

light airy hard crust roll

micooula

traditional Christmas bread

muffuletta

round sesame bread

nadalin

star-shaped Christmas bread

pagnotta

white bread

pagnotta di San Francesco

sweet bread with raisins

palatone

traditional soft loaf

pan

bread or cake or something else

pan del Santo

St Anthony's bread

pancarre

sliced white bread

pandoro

the golden cake of Verona

pane

bread

pane caliatu

twice-baked bread

pane casareccio di Genzano

traditional home-style bread

pane delle feste

artistic bread of Sardinia

pane di Altamura

DOP Puglian bread

pane di Lariano

Lazio country bread

pane di Matera

crazy-shaped bread

pane di Terni

the loaf of controversy

pane sciocco

'tasteless bread'

panettone

Milan's Christmas cake

panfocaccia

focaccia-like bread

pangrattato

bread crumbs

panicelli

hand-shaped bread rolls

panificio

bakery

panino

a roll—or a grilled sandwich

pannociato

sweet or savoury bread from Macerata

panuozzo

pizza-panini bread

panün de Natal

sweet Christmas raisin bread

pasta madre

sourdough starter

pinza

sweet round loaf

pitta

pita, and some other things, too

puccia

traditional rolls from Puglia

rosetta

bun or pastry

scarcella

Sweet Puglian Easter bread

schiacciata

flat or fluffy breads

sfilatino

long narrow loaf

sgabeo

strips of fried bread

solina

'poor wheat' of the Abruzzo

sope

Friulian French toast

spianata

pitta bread...or a salame

sportella

very feminine sweet cake

titole

Easter bread in Trieste

toast

a grilled ham and cheese sandwich

torcolo

sweet bread ring

tortano

savoury bread with cheese and salami

ur-paarl

rye and spelt bread of the monks

Zelten

Christmas bread chock full of fruit and nuts

Text © Dana Facaros & Michael Pauls